The Oriental Bank Corporation was a bank in India in the 19th century. It was also the first bank in Hong Kong and the first bank to issue banknotes there.
The Oriental Bank Corporation was established in 1842 in Bombay under the name Bank of Western India. After the headquarters were moved to London in 1845, the name was changed to the Oriental Bank Corporation.
In the 1860s the bank held a dominant position in India and China. However its finances suffered heavily from the coffee disease in Ceylon which devastated the coffee plantations in the area, in which the company had invested so much.
In 1884 the bank ran into severe difficulties and was reconstituted as the New Oriental Bank Corporation. With growing competition from its rivals, the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation and Standard Chartered Bank, the New Oriental Bank Corporation failed to survive and closed down in 1892.