Remington Rand Limited

Remington Rand Limited

Remington Rand was an American company, formed in 1927 by the merger of the Remington Typewriter Company and Rand Kardex Corporation. From its inception until 1958, the company was led by its founder James Rand Junior. Remington Rand manufactured typewriters, which had been begun by the Remington Typewriter Co. in 1886, and other office equipment.

During the Second World War, Remington Rand manufactured the M1911A1.45 caliber semi-automatic pistol for the US Armed Forces. Between 1942 and 1945, over 900,000 of the pistols were made, more than any other wartime manufacturer.

By the 1950s, Remington Rand had evolved to become one of the largest computer companies in the US. The company made the UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer). It was the second commercial computer to be made in the US. The first UNIVAC was delivered to the US Census Bureau on March 31st 1951. Remington Rand eventually sold 46 UNIVACs at more than $1 million each. In 1952 the company also introduced the Remington Rand 409, a control panel programmed punched card calculator.

In 1949 Remington Rand opened its UK branch of the company at the Hillington factory near Glasgow in Scotland. The factory produced typewriters for the British market. The premises were expanded in 1952, however in 1963 the factory was closed down and 1,100 workers were laid off. Typewriter production was subsequently moved to Holland.

Remington Rand was acquired by the Sperry Corporation in 1955 to form Sperry Rand, later shortened to Sperry. The Remington Rand brand name remained for many years. Remington Rand had also been making electric razors since 1937. In 1979 Sperry sold this part of the company to Victor Kiam, whose line “I liked the shaver so much I bought the company” became one of the more memorable advertising slogans of the 1980s.